Sales Tax

  • Statewide: 4.0%
  • Counties/municipalities can levy sales tax of no more than 8.5%.
  • Current average sales tax (with local taxes included): 9.103%
  • Common Exceptions at State Level:
    • Prescription Medicine: Exempt
  • Vehicle Tax: 2%
  • Gasoline Tax: 48.60 cents/gallon (Includes all state, local, and federal taxes)
  • Diesel Fuel Tax: 56.35 cents/gallon (Includes all state, local and federal taxes)


Personal Income Tax

  • Personal Income Tax Rate Range: 2% ($0 to $500 taxable income)/4% ($501-$3,000)/5% (on income over $3,000)
  • Standard deduction: Single filing Status: $3,000/Married Filing Jointly: $8,500. Decreases as income rises but no less than $2,500 and $5,000, respectively.
  • Personal Exemption Allowance: $1,500
  • Dependent Exemption: $1,000 if Adjusted Gross Income is less than $50,000/$500 for AGI $50,001 to $100,000/$300 if over $100,000.
  • Itemized Deductions Allowed?: Yes, subject to limitations.
  • Retirement Income
    • Social Security: Exempt
    • IRAs: May be fully or partially taxable.
    • 401Ks/Defined contribution employer retirement plans: May be fully or partially taxable.
    • Private pensions: May be fully or partially taxable.
    • Public Pensions: Exempt
  • Military Pay
    • Active Duty Pay: Taxable to the extent included in federal AGI
    • Military Retirement Pay: Exempt
    • Military Disability Pay: Exempt
    • VA Disability Dependency & Indemnity Compensation Benefits: Exempt
Income tax comments: The first $6,000 of retirement income is exempt for 65 and older. State allows county- and city-level income tax (example: Birmingham has a 1% income tax). Part or all of federal income tax deductible. Overtime pay for hourly workers is tax-exempt.


Property Tax

  • Statewide property tax rate: Limited to $6.50 for every $1,000 of assessed value.
  • Local municipalities (including the state property tax) average .39% of the property's assessed value.
  • Calculation of assessed value: 10% of fair market value.
  • Relief programs for:
    • Owner-occupied: May be eligible for up to $4,000 exemption of assessed value for state-level taxes and up to $2,000 for county.
    • 65 and over: Exempt from all state-level property taxes. Exemptions available at the county level depending on income level. More information: (
    • Disabled Veterans: Exempt from all property taxes with 100% disability rating.
    • Veteran/Surviving Spouse: Exempt if home acquired under VA special adapted housing grant. 


Inheritance & Estate Taxes: None


Department of Revenue website:

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